Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which sugar, or glucose levels build up in your bloodstream. The hormone insulin helps to move the glucose from your blood into your cells, where it’s used for energy
In type 2 diabetes, your body’s cells aren’t ready to answer insulin also as they ought to. In later stages of the disease, your body can also not produce enough insulin.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, your body isn’t ready to effectively use insulin to bring glucose into your cells. This causes your body to believe energy sources in your tissues, muscles, and organs. this is often a sequence reaction which will cause a spread of symptoms.
The early symptoms may include:
- Constant hunger
- A lack of energy
- Weight loss
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Itchy skin
- Blurry vision
If your blood sugar levels are high for an extended time, the symptoms can include:
- Yeast infections
- Slow-healing cuts
- Dark patches on your skin
- Foot pain
- Feelings of numbness in your extremities
if you’ve got two or more of those symptoms, you ought to see your doctor. Without treatment, diabetes can become life-threatening.
Causes of type-2 diabetes
Insulin may be a present hormone. Your pancreas produces it and releases it once you eat. Insulin helps transport glucose from your bloodstream to cells throughout your body, where it’s used for energy.
If you’ve got type 2 diabetes, your body becomes immune to insulin. Your body is not any longer using the hormone efficiently. This forces your pancreas to figure harder to form more insulin.
Over time, this will damage cells in your pancreas. Eventually, your pancreas might not be ready to produce any insulin.
If you don’t produce enough insulin or if your body doesn’t use it efficiently, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. This leaves your body’s cells starved for energy. Doctors don’t know exactly what triggers this series of events.
Treatment for type 2 diabetes
You can effectively manage type 2 diabetes. Your doctor will tell you ways often you ought to check your blood sugar levels. The goal is to remain within a selected range.
Tips to manage type2 diabetes:
- Include foods rich in fiber and healthy carbohydrates in your diet. Eating fruits, vegetables, and whole grains will help keep your blood sugar levels steady.
- Eat at regular intervals
- Only eat until you are full
- Get about half an hour of aerobic activity daily to assist keep your heart healthy. Exercise helps to regulate blood sugar, too.
- Your doctor will explain the way to recognize the first symptoms of blood glucose that’s too high or too low and what to try to do in each situation. They’ll also assist you to learn which foods are healthy and which foods aren’t.
- Not everyone with type 2 diabetes must use insulin. If you do, it’s because your pancreas isn’t making enough insulin on its own. It’s crucial that you simply take insulin as directed. There are other prescription medications that will help also.
Diet for type-2 diabetes
Diet is a crucial tool to stay your heart healthy and blood sugar levels within a secure and healthy range. It doesn’t need to be complicated or unpleasant.
The diet recommended for people with type 2 diabetes is that the same diet almost everyone should follow. It boils right down to a couple of key actions:
- Eat meals and snacks on time.
- Choose a variety of foods that are high in nutrients
- You should not overeat.
- Read food labels closely
Food and beverages to avoid
Below are some certain foods and beverages that you should limit or avoid entirely.
- foods heavy in saturated or trans fats
- organ meats, like beef or liver
- processed meats
- margarine and shortening
- baked goods like light bread, bagels
- processed snacks
- sugary drinks, including fruit juices
- high-fat dairy products
- pasta or polished rice
skip the salty foods and fried foods are also recommended
Foods to Choose
Healthy carbohydrates can provide you with fiber.
Below are the options
- whole fruits
- non-starchy vegetables
- legumes, like bean
- whole grains like oats or quinoa
- sweet potatoes
Foods with heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids include:
- flax seeds
You can get healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats from a variety of foods, including:
- oils, like vegetable oil, vegetable oil, and groundnut oil
- nuts, like almonds, pecans, and walnuts
Talk to your doctor about your personal nutrition and calorie goals. Together, you’ll come up with a diet plan that tastes great and suits your lifestyle needs